Medical and Dental College Admission Test (MDCAT) which is also known as “MCAT” is a standardized Test conducted by the University of Health and Sciences (UHS) in admission Lahore. Pakistan Medical and Dental Council (PM and DC) has directed this two and half i.e (150) minutes paper based test to be held once a year and is mandatory for candidates to be able to take admission in ‘MBBS’ and ‘BDS’ degree programs in all the Private and Public Sector Medical and Dental Institutions.
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Ecosystem & Environment
The grasslands in tropical climates that have woody trees are called?
A savanna is a grassland ecosystem characterized by the trees being sufficiently widely spaced so that the canopy does not close. The open canopy allows sufficient light to reach the ground to support an unbroken herbaceous layer consisting primarily of grasses.
The most common vectors for plants are?
- SV 40 vectors and Bovine papillomavirus vectors
- Cauliflower mosaic virus (CMV vectors) and Gemini vectors
- Lambda phage and M13 phage vectors
- T4 phage vectors
Cauliflower mosaic virus (CMV vectors) and Gemini vectors
Cauliflower Mosaic Virus (CaMV) is a member of the genus Caulimovirus, one of the six genera in the Caulimoviridae family, which are pararetro viruses that infect plants. Pararetro viruses replicate through reverse transcription just like retroviruses, but the viral particles contain DNA instead of RNA. These vectors are used for plants transformation success.
Evolution & Genetics
Cystic fibrosis affects which one of the following cells in the body?
- Epithelial cells
- Endothelial cells
- Plasma Cells
- Blood Cells
In cystic fibrosis the inherited CF gene directs the body’s epithelial cells to produce a defective form oa a protein called CFTR (or cystic fibrosis transmembrance conductance regulator) found in cells that line the lungs, digestive tract, sweat glands and genitourinary system.