# GIKI SAMPLE PHYSICS QUESTIONS

Ghulam Ishaq Khan Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology GIKI is a private research university located in Topi KPK. It was established by former president of Pakistan in 1988. It is one of the leading engineering university of Pakistan. Their main focus is to provide quality education and to create research facilities for their students. Due to quality of education and facilities, their fee structure is bit higher which costs approximately 550,000 according to last year. They also keep in mind that there are many talented students who cannot afford their fee, so keeping that in mind many scholarships are offered at GIKI. Due to high competition their entry test is very difficult and thousands of students apply for it every year. Candidates who want to secure admission should give their 100% otherwise it’s going to be very tough.

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Topic:

Electromagnetism

Question:

The material used in florescent screen of CRO is?

Options:

• Magnesium
• Glass
• Phosphor
• Sodium

Correct Option:

Phosphor

Explanation:

A phosphor, most generally, is a substance that exhibits the phenomenon of luminescence. Somewhat confusingly, this includes both phosphorescent materials, which show a slow decay in brightness (>1 ms), and fluorescent materials, where the emission decay takes place over tens of nanoseconds.

Topic:

Heat & Thermodynamics

Question:

At triple point of water, the pressure of gas is 2680 Pa. By changing T the pressure changed to 4870 Pa. The value of T is?

Options:

1. 496 K
2. 438 K
3. 0
4. 438 F

Correct Option:

496 K

Explanation:

p.V = n.R.T

Since volume V and mass hence number of moles is constant:

p/T = n.R/V = constant

=> p1/T1 = p2/T2

=> T2 = T1.p2/p1

T1 is the triple point temperature of water, i.e

T1 = 0.010C = 273.16 K

Hence:

T2 = 273.16 K * 4870Pa/2680Pa = 496.38K

Topic:

Nuclear physics

Question:

The energy obtained in a nuclear reaction is derived from:

Options:

• Mass defect and binding energy
• Fission
• Fusion
• All of these

Correct Option:

All of these

Explanation:

The sum of the individual masses of the parts of a nucleus is less than their mass when they are bound into the nucleus producing mass defect. The mass from the mass defect is converted into the energy that holds the nucleus together and is released in fission. Fusion also produces energy when individual nuclei are forced to combine (fusion) and form new elements in a process that produces energy.

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